A Brief History of HIV: Then and Now

By Shylah Moore-Pardo, MD

Dr. Moore Pardo’s comprehensive timeline of HIV and AIDS spans the last 40 years of the history of HIV infection. She covers the important decade of the 1980’s, when the epidemic was first recognized, the virus identified, and public awareness of the syndrome was heightened by the deaths of celebrities such as Rock Hudson. She then discusses drug development and the age of HAART in the 1990s. The decade of the 2000s focused upon access to care and curbing the epidemic on an international scale with programs like PEPFAR and private philanthropy initiatives. She closes by looking at where we are in the HIV epidemic over the last decade as the medical community begins to discuss a possible end to new cases of HIV in the US by 2030.

Infections of CSF Shunts and Other CSF Devices

By Olga Klinkova, MD

Dr. Klinkova reviews CSF device-associated infections, an important potential source of morbidity for neurosurgical patients. She first discusses risk factors, and then transitions to discuss the pathogenesis and microbiology of shunt infections. Next, she reviews the typical clinical presentation of patients who present with the syndrome, and then discusses diagnostic pearls for identifying patients with CSF device infections. She then reviews the management of these patients including the principles of antibiotic selection. Lastly, Dr. Klinkova covers CSF device-associated infection prophylaxis.

Hepatitis C Boot Camp 1: Pathogenesis, Epidemiology, and Treatment Guidelines

By Jamie Morano, MD

Dr. Jamie Morano reviews updated information regarding the current epidemiology, prevalence, pre-treatment assessment, and therapeutic options for the management of this common viral pathogen.  She begins by discussing current worldwide epidemiology.  She breaks down U.S. trends both regionally and state by state. She elaborates on the significance of specific genotypes in hepatitis treatment and in disease complications. Testing guidelines are also reviewed. Next, Dr. Morano reviews current antiviral therapies and breaks them down by agent and co-formulation. Lastly, she discusses pretreatment options for patients who fail initial therapy.

Medical and Diagnostic Mycobacteriology of Importance to the Clinician and Pathologist

By Ramon Sandin, MD, MS, FCAP

Dr. Sandin provides a general overview of identification techniques for Mycobacterial organisms. He discusses and outlines classification systems for the Mycobacteria that are human pathogens. He then discusses laboratory stains that are useful in identifying Mycobacteria and reviews other diagnostic methods which have become essential to Mycobacterial species identification, including the various nucleic amplification-based methods. Various pathology pearls of Mycobacterial identification are also mentioned. Lastly, he discusses two clinical cases involving acid fast organisms.

Dates in Infectious Diseases: Ancient History Edition

By Richard L. Oehler, MD

Dr. Oehler conducts a lively quiz session regarding infectious diseases historical figures and events dating from 600 BC to 1900. In this fast paced and humorous podcast, listeners are exposed to the accomplishments of infectious disease titans such as Hippocrates, Anton Van Leewenhoek, Ignaz Semmelweis, and John Snow. After listening to this podcast, participants will have a much broader sense of the legacy of infectious diseases history as well as some other fascinating trivia that will entertain and amaze!

To enjoy the companion lecture to this one regarding 20th Century ID events, please watch this presentation:

Diabetic Foot Infections Update

By Richard L. Oehler, MD

Dr. Oehler reviews infections of the diabetic foot. He begins by introducing the concept of a multidisciplinary team as essential to the management of these patients. He then describes the current epidemiology of diabetes and diabetic foot ulcers. He also discusses Charcot arthropathy and how it occurs . Annual diabetic foot exams are also crucial to these patients, and Dr. Oehler also reviews proper techniques and what to ask/examine. He also covers diabetic peripheral vascular disease, diagnostic imaging modalities, wound management, and the proper empiric antibiotic regimens and durations of therapy. Lastly, he discusses prevention techniques necessary to avoid recurrent ulceration.

Understanding Military MSMs: STI, PrEP, and ID Care in your Medical Practice

By Jamie Morano, MD

Dr. Jamie Morano reviews sexually transmitted infections among MSMs (men who have sex with men). She discusses current sexually transmitted infection screening, testing, and treatment guidelines for the group. The use of preexposure prophylaxis for MSMs is also introduced, and includes information on eligibility and an implementation strategy for patients. Lastly, Dr. Morano touches upon HIV screening and rapid treatment approaches to care.

Meeting the Resistance Movement, Up Close and Personal: Understanding HIV Resistance

By Jamie Morano, MD

Dr. Jamie Morano reviews HIV infection. She starts out by presenting up to date statistics about the current epidemiology of HIV infection across the US and Florida. She then goes on to discuss the HIV life cycle, and how various antiretroviral treatments appear to interact with the virus at different points of the viral reproductive process. HIV resistance mechanisms are also addressed. Lastly, she shares her recommendations on strategies useful to selecting an ideal antiretroviral regimen for an HIV positive patient.